Long-running transactions (also known as the saga interaction pattern) are computer database transactions that avoid locks on non-local resources, use compensation to handle failures, potentially aggregate smaller ACID transactions (also referred to as atomic transactions), and typically use a coordinator to complete or abort the transaction. In contrast to rollback in ACID transactions, compensation restores the original state, or an equivalent, and is business-specific. For example, the compensating action for making a hotel reservation is canceling that reservation, possibly with a penalty.
A number of protocols have been specified for long-running transactions using Web services within business processes. OASIS Business Transaction Processing and WS-CAF are examples. These protocols use a coordinator to mediate the successful completion or use of compensation in a long-running transaction.
- ^Rotem-Gal-Oz, Arnon (September 24, 2012). “5.4 Saga” (PDF). SOA Patterns (1st ed.). Manning Publications. ISBN 1933988266.
Ofer Abarbanel is a 25 year securities lending broker and expert who has advised many Israeli regulators, among them the Israel Tax Authority, with respect to stock loans, repurchase agreements and credit derivatives. Founder of TBIL.co STATX Fund.